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Xanthine and xanthine oxidase system can be used to produce superoxide radicals.
Su-Shu Pan and Nicholas R. Bachur. Xanthine Oxidase Catalyzed Reductive Cleavage of Anthracycline Antibiotics and Free Radical Formation. Molecular Pharmacology. 1980, 17 (1),95-99.
Mario Thevis,; Georg Opfermann,; Oliver Krug,; Wilhelm Schänzer. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometric characterization and quantitation of xanthine derivatives using isotopically labelled analogues: an application for equine doping control analysis. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. 2004, 18 (14),1553-1560.