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A11113 Ethyl formate, 97%

CAS Number
109-94-4
Synonyms
Formic acid ethyl ester

Stock No. Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
A11113-AE 100ml 24.30
A11113-AP 500ml 37.20
A11113-0F 2500ml 111.00
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Ethyl formate, 97%

MDL
MFCD00003294
EINECS
203-721-0

Chemical Properties

Formula
C3H6O2
Formula Weight
74.08
Melting point
-81°
Boiling Point
52-54°
Flash Point
-19°(-2°F)
Density
0.921
Refractive Index
1.3600
Storage & Sensitivity
Keep Cold. Moisture Sensitive. Store under Nitrogen.
Solubility
Miscible with water, benzene, alcohol, ether, acetone and most organic solvents.

Applications

Ethyl formate is used as a solvent for cellulose nitrate, cellulose acetate, greases and oils. It is also used as a flavor for lemonade and essences. It is involved in the fumigation of dried fruits, as an alternative to methyl bromide.

Notes

Moisture sensitive. Keep the container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Incompatible with bases and oxidizing agents.

Literature References

Many illustrations of use in formylation of carbanions are given in Organic Syntheses: For more recent examples, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 590, Note 1 (1988); Org. Synth. Coll., 9, 180 (Note 4), 239, 548 (1998).

ɑ-Formylation of the dilithio derivatives of carboxylic acids, followed by facile decarboxylation, provides an indirect conversion to the corresponding aldehydes: Tetrahedron Lett., 699 (1970); 603 (1974).

Amines readily give N-formyl derivatives, more easily cleaved by hydrolysis than N-acetyl: Can. J. Chem., 60, 3055 (1982); for an example (L-valinol), see: Org. Synth. Coll., 8, 204 (1993).

Janssen, L. M.; van Oosten, R.; Paul, C. E.; Arends, I. W.; Hollmann, F. Lipase-catalyzed transesterification of ethyl formate to octyl formate. J. Mol. Catal. B: Enzym. 2014, 105, 7-10.

Balaganesh, M.; Dash, M. R.; Rajakumar, B. Experimental and Computational Investigation on the Gas Phase Reaction of Ethyl Formate with Cl Atoms. J. Phys. Chem. A 2014, 118 (28), 5272-5278

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H225-H302-H319-H332-H335

Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Causes serious eye irritation. Harmful if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation.

Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P261-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P330-P337+P313-P370+P378q-P501c

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Rinse mouth. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant

Other References

Merck
14,3807
Beilstein
906769
Hazard Class
3
Packing Group
II
Harmonized Tariff Code
2915.13
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
LQ8400000

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