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2,2'-Dipyridyl disulfide is a useful reagent for determination of sulfhydryl groups, preparation of amino acid active esters and the thio esters of phosphoric acid. It acts as a peptide coupling reagent and as an oxidizing agent. It is also used for the activation of glycosides.
In combination with triphenylphosphine, acts as a peptide coupling reagent (see Appendix 6) in which water is removed by a mechanism whereby the phosphine is oxidized to the phosphine oxide and the disulfide reduced to the thiol: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 90, 4490 (1968); 91, 1554 (1969); Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 43, 1271 (1970).
The technique has also been widely applied for macrolactonization, via high-dilution cyclization of the 2-pyridine thioester: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 96, 5614 (1974); 97, 653, 654, 2287 (1975). The cyclization step can be catalyzed by silver ion: Helv. Chim. Acta, 57, 2661 (1974). See, e.g.: Org. Synth. Coll., 7, 470 (1990).
In combination with tri-n-butylphosphine has been used for the activation of glycosides, e.g. in the formation of disaccarides: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 4221 (1981); Tetrahedron, 47, 6435 (1991).
Moosun, S.; Laulloo, S. J.; Bhowon, M. G. Metal complexes of diaryl and 2, 2'-dipyridyl disulfides. J. Sulphur Chem. 2012, 33 (6), 661-691.
Bhasin, K. K.; Kumar, R.; Mehta, S. K.; Raghavaiah, P.; Jacob, C.; Klapotke, T. M. Synthesis and characterization of 5, 5'-dibromo-2, 2'-dipyridyl disulfide and some of its derivatives: X-ray structure of 5, 5'-dibromo-2, 2'-dipyridyl disulfide and bis (5-bromopyridine-2-ylthio) methane. Inorg. Chim. Acta 2009, 362 (7), 2386-2390.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P201-P280g-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.