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2,2'-Dipyridyl disulfide is a useful reagent for determination of sulfhydryl groups, preparation of amino acid active esters and the thio esters of phosphoric acid. It acts as a peptide coupling reagent and as an oxidizing agent. It is also used for the activation of glycosides.
In combination with triphenylphosphine, acts as a peptide coupling reagent (see Appendix 6) in which water is removed by a mechanism whereby the phosphine is oxidized to the phosphine oxide and the disulfide reduced to the thiol: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 90, 4490 (1968); 91, 1554 (1969); Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 43, 1271 (1970).
The technique has also been widely applied for macrolactonization, via high-dilution cyclization of the 2-pyridine thioester: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 96, 5614 (1974); 97, 653, 654, 2287 (1975). The cyclization step can be catalyzed by silver ion: Helv. Chim. Acta, 57, 2661 (1974). See, e.g.: Org. Synth. Coll., 7, 470 (1990).
In combination with tri-n-butylphosphine has been used for the activation of glycosides, e.g. in the formation of disaccarides: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 4221 (1981); Tetrahedron, 47, 6435 (1991).
Moosun, S.; Laulloo, S. J.; Bhowon, M. G. Metal complexes of diaryl and 2, 2'-dipyridyl disulfides. J. Sulphur Chem. 2012, 33 (6), 661-691.
Bhasin, K. K.; Kumar, R.; Mehta, S. K.; Raghavaiah, P.; Jacob, C.; Klapotke, T. M. Synthesis and characterization of 5, 5'-dibromo-2, 2'-dipyridyl disulfide and some of its derivatives: X-ray structure of 5, 5'-dibromo-2, 2'-dipyridyl disulfide and bis (5-bromopyridine-2-ylthio) methane. Inorg. Chim. Acta 2009, 362 (7), 2386-2390.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P330-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant