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A11296 Potassium perchlorate, 99%

CAS Number
7778-74-7
Synonyms

Stock No. Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
A11296-22 100g 34.30
A11296-36 500g 95.80
A11296-0E 2500g 389.00
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Potassium perchlorate, 99%

MDL
MFCD00011362
EINECS
231-912-9

Chemical Properties

Formula
KClO4
Formula Weight
138.55
Melting point
301-304°
Density
2.52
Storage & Sensitivity
Hygroscopic. Store under Nitrogen. Ambient temperatures.
Solubility
Soluble in water. Slightly soluble in acetone. Insoluble in ethanol, ethyl acetate and ether.

Applications

Potassium perchlorate is used in ammunition percussion caps, explosive primers, fireworks and propellants. It acts as a solid rocket propellant. It is also used as an oxidizer in colored pyrotechnic compositions and flash powder. It is used as an antithyroid and involved in the treatment of hyperthyroidism. The mixture of anthracene and sulfur with potassium perchlorate is used for generating black smoke signaling.

Notes

Hygroscopic. Incompatible with strong reducing agents, powdered metals, strong acids and alcohols.

Literature References

Pourmortazavi, S. M.; Zaree, A.; Mirsadeghi, S. Taguchi approach-assisted optimization of spraying in non-solvent process for preparation of potassium perchlorate nanoparticles. J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 2015, 76 (3), 510-518.

Dolgoborodov, A. Y.; Ermolaev, B. S.; Shevchenko, A. A.; Teselkin, V. A.; Kirilenko, V. G.; Monogarov, K. A.; Streletskii, A. N. Combustion and detonation of mechanoactivated aluminum-potassium perchlorate mixtures. Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B 2015, 9 (4), 615-624.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H271-H302

May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer. Harmful if swallowed.

Precautionary Statements: P210-P220-P221-P264b-P270-P280-P283-P301+P312-P306+P360-P330-P370+P378q-P371+P380+P375-P501c

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep/Store away from clothing/combustible materials. Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON CLOTHING: Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes. Rinse mouth. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant

Other References

Merck
14,7653
Hazard Class
5.1
Packing Group
II
Harmonized Tariff Code
2829.90
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
SC9700000

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