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o-Xylene is widely used in the production of phthalic anhydride. It is also used in fuels as well as fuel additives. It can be used in the production of isophthalic acid and terephthalic acid. It is utilized in polyvinyl chloride production, alkyl resin and unsaturated polyester resins. It is also used as a solvent in paint, varnish, glue, printing ink, dyes and in rubber.
Liang, A. D.; Lippard, S. J. Single Turnover Reveals Oxygenated Intermediates in Toluene/o-Xylene Monooxygenase in the Presence of the Native Redox Partners. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137 (33), 10520-10523.
Sarafraz-Yazdi, A.; Zendegi-Shiraz, A.; Eshaghi, Z.; Hassanzadeh-Khayyat, M. Synthesis and characterization of composite polymer, polyethylene glycol grafted flower-like cupric nano oxide for solid phase microextraction of ultra-trace levels of benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene and o-xylene in human hair and water samples. J. Chromatogr. A 2015, 1418, 21-28.
Hazard Statements: H226-H304-H312+H332-H315-H319-H335-H336-H373
Flammable liquid and vapour. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. Harmful in contact with skin. Harmful if inhaled. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P314-P331-P332+P313-P337+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant