I agree Our site saves small pieces of text information (cookies) on your device in order to deliver better content and for statistical purposes. You can disable the usage of cookies by changing the settings of your browser. By browsing our website without changing the browser settings you grant us permission to store that information on your device.
Chloroacetic acid is used in the production of pharmaceuticals, dyes, detergents, synthetic caffeine, glycine and thioglycolic acid, which acts as a stabilizer in PVC. It acts as a precursor to glyphosate and adrenaline. It also serves as a preservative and bacteriostat. Further, it is used as surface active agents and photosensitive chemicals. It is also used in the O-alkylation of salicylaldehyde and an active component in cosmetics. In addition, it is involved in the preparation of thickening agent carboxymethyl cellulose and carboxymethyl starch.
A convenient one-pot alternative to the Knoevenagel or Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reactions for the synthesis of ɑ-unsubstituted cinnamic acids involves the reaction of chloroacetic acid with dimethyl phosphite in the presence of sodium methoxide, and treatment of the resulting phosphonoacetate salt with a benzaldehyde: J. Org. Chem., 46, 2514 (1981):
For a more general version of this reaction, applicable to the synthesis of a variety of substituted acrylic acids, see 2-Bromopropionic acid, A17569 .
Scialdone, O.; Galia, A.; Sabatino, S.; Mira, D.; Amatore, C. Electrochemical Conversion of Dichloroacetic Acid to Chloroacetic Acid in a Microfluidic Stack and in a Series of Microfluidic Reactors. Chem. Electro. Chem. 2015, 2 (5), 684-690.
Teng, Y.; Liu, Y.; Jiang, J. Preparation of Carboxyl-End-Group Poly(methyl methacrylate) and Polystyrene with Low Polydispersity by Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization Initiated with Chloroacetic Acid. Asian J. Chem. 2015, 27 (9), 3254-3258.
Hazard Statements: H301-H311-H314-H330-H335
Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Fatal if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P284-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Wear respiratory protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant