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Ethyl trifluoroacetate is used as an intermediate in organic synthesis to prepare organic fluorine compounds like 3-ethyl-1-methylimidazolium trifluoroacetate (EMITA). It is involved in the syntheses of various pharmaceutically active molecules and agricultural products. It is also useful for the preparation of tri fluoroacylated compounds.
Reagent for selective trifluoroacetylation of amines. Primary amines can be protected in the presence of secondary, and diamines selectively monoprotected. Primary amines can also be differentiated in terms of steric hindrance: Tetrahedron Lett., 36, 7357 (1995).
Esters of perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids undergo Wittig reactions, for example with the ylide from (3-Phenylpropyl)triphenylphosphonium bromide, A12669, leading to 1-perfluoroalkyl enol ethers, which are useful precursors of various fluorinated derivatives: J. Org. Chem., 57, 3807 (1992); Org. Synth., 75, 153 (1997):
Bhattacharjee, D.; Tiwari, L.; Singh, H. J.; Mishra, B. K.; Deka, R. C. Theoretical investigation on mechanism, kinetics and thermochemistry of gas-phase reactions of ethyl trifluoroacetate with OH radicals. J. Fluorine Chem. 2015, 178, 79-85.
Huang, Z.; Jiang, H.; Li, L.; Wang, H.; Qiu, T. Density, viscosity, and saturated vapor pressure of ethyl trifluoroacetate. J. Chem. Thermodyn. 2015, 86, 75-79.
Hazard Statements: H225-H319
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P240-P241-P242-P243-P264b-P280-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P337+P313-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant