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It is widely used for a variety of roles in biology and medicine as a chelating therapy. It inhibits bacterial or fungi growth by interfering with iron uptake. It is also active as a inhibitor of enzyme involved in tumour growths. These compounds are used as extractants for the separation of valuable metals or minerals including copper, lead, gold, other rare earth metals and kaolin. Hydroxamic acids are also used to produce corresponding isocyanates by dehydration followed by rearrangement reaction. It is also used as a common ligand utilized in the synthesis of metallacrowns.
Curt A. Davey & Roger E. Fenna. 2.3 Å Resolution X-ray Crystal Structure of the Bisubstrate Analogue Inhibitor Salicylhydroxamic Acid Bound to Human Myeloperoxidase:? A Model for a Prereaction Complex with Hydrogen Peroxide. Biochemistry. 1996, 35, (33), 10967-10973.
Mark L. Stolowitz.; Clarence Ahlem.; Karin A. Hughes.; Robert J. Kaiser.; Edward A. Kesicki.; Guisheng Li.; Kevin P. Lund.; Steven M. Torkelson.; and Jean P. Wiley. Phenylboronic Acid-Salicylhydroxamic Acid Bioconjugates. 1. A Novel Boronic Acid Complex for Protein Immobilization. Bioconjugate Chem. 2001, 12, (2), 229-239.
Hazard Statements: H303-H315-H319-H341-H335
May be harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. Suspected of causing genetic defects. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P261-P280-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Obtain special instructions before use. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.