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Phenyl isothiocyanate acts as a derivatizing reagent for primary and secondary amines. It is used in sequencing peptides by Edman degradation and in amino acid analyses by HPLC. It is used for derivatizing N-terminal amino acids of proteins for automated sequential analysis. It is a synthon for dithiadiazafulvalenes.
F Lai; T Sheehan. Matrix effects in the derivatization of amino acids with naphthalene dicarboxaldehyde, 9-fluorenylmethyl chloroformate and phenylisothiocyanate. BioTechniques.1993, 14 (4), 642-649.
Mark C Wesley; Luis M Pereira; Laurie A Scharp; Sitaram M Emani; Francis X McGowan; James A DiNardo. Pharmacokinetics of tranexamic acid in neonates, infants, and children undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Anesthesiology.2015, 122 (4), 746-758.
Derivatizing agent for amino groups. Introduced by Edman for the determination of amino acid sequence by conversion to the thiourea, acid cleavage of the peptide bond and alkaline hydrolysis of the derived thiohydantoin: Acta Chem. Scand., 4, 277 (1950); Arkiv. Kemi., 14, 291 (1959). The thiourea can also be cleaved with TFA: Nature, 227, 716 (1970), or by peracid oxidation: Chem. Ber., 89, 2288 (1956).
For general reactions of isothiocyanates, see Appendix 3.
Hazard Statements: H227-H301-H311-H314-H317-H331-H334-H335-H361d
Combustible liquid. Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Toxic if inhaled. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation. Suspected of damaging the unborn child.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P235-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P272-P280g-P281-P285-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P333+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep cool. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves. Use personal protective equipment as required. In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant