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A11944 Antimony(III) chloride, 99+%

CAS Number
Antimony trichloride

Stock No. Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
A11944-22 100g 28.60
A11944-36 500g 76.80
A11944-0E 2500g 279.00
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Antimony(III) chloride, 99+%


Chemical Properties

Formula Weight
Melting point
Boiling Point
Storage & Sensitivity
Moisture Sensitive. Ambient temperatures.
Soluble in water, hydrochloric acid, alcohol, benzene, carbon disulfide, dioxane, chloroform, ether, acetone and carbon tetrachloride. Insoluble in organic bases.


Antimony(III) chloride is engaged to detect certain compounds, such as cholesterols. It is a complexing agent used in the colorimetric Carr-Price test for detecting carotenoids including vitamin A. It is employed as a mordant and a fabric flame retardant. It is used as a catalyst for chlorinationn and polymerization reactions. It is used to coat the steel to make bronze, used as a cutting material of antimony salt and as a preservative in medicine. It is used as an analytical reagent for chloral and aromatics.


Moisture sensitive and hygroscopic in nature. It is corrosive to metals and tissue. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids and strong bases. Decomposes in water.

Literature References

Mild Lewis acid catalyst.

Preferred catalyst for fluoro-Pummerer reaction with DAST (Diethyl­aminosulfur trifluoride, A11992) for the formation of ɑ-fluoro thioethers from sulfoxides: Tetrahedron Lett., 29, 5729 (1988); J. Org. Chem., 55, 4757 (1990); Org. Synth. Coll., 9, 446 (1998). Direct conversion of thioethers to the ɑ-fluoro analogues has also been reported: J. Org. Chem., 58, 3800 (1993).

Superior to other Lewis acids for promoting the palladium(0)-catalyzed conjugate arylation of ɑß-unsaturated ketones and aldehydes with tetraphenyl borate and arylboronic acids: J. Org. Chem., 60, 883 (1995). Effective catalyst for conversion of epoxides to thiiranes with (NH4)2SCN: Indian J. Chem., 38B, 605 (1999).

Lia, W.; Rong, P.; Yang, K.; Huang, P.; Sun, K.; Chen, X. Semimetal nanomaterials of antimony as highly efficient agent for photoacoustic imaging and photothermal therapy. Biomaterials 2015, 45, 18-26.

Li, W.; Rong, P.; Yang, K.; Huang, P.; Sun, K.; Chen, X. Semimetal nanomaterials of antimony as highly efficient agent for photoacoustic imaging and photothermal therapy. Biomaterials 2015, 45, 18-26.

Zhou, B.; Li, M.; Wu, Y.; Yang, C.; Zhang, W. H.; Li, C. Monodisperse AgSbS2 Nanocrystals: Size-Control Strategy, Large-Scale Synthesis, and Photoelectrochemistry. Chem. Eur. J. 2015, 21 (31), 11143-11151.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H314-H335

Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.

Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P501c

Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant

Other References

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Harmonized Tariff Code


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