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10025-91-9 - Antimony(III) chloride, 99+% - Antimony trichloride - A11944 - Alfa Aesar

A11944 Antimony(III) chloride, 99+%

CAS Number
Antimony trichloride

Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
100g 27.30
500g 72.40
2500g 266.00
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Antimony(III) chloride, 99+%


Chemical Properties

Formula Weight
Melting point
Boiling Point
Moisture Sensitive
Soluble in water, hydrochloric acid, alcohol, benzene, carbon disulfide, dioxane, chloroform, ether, acetone and carbon tetrachloride. Insoluble in organic bases.


Antimony(III) chloride is engaged to detect certain compounds, such as cholesterols. It is a complexing agent used in the colorimetric Carr-Price test for detecting carotenoids including vitamin A. It is employed as a mordant and a fabric flame retardant. It is used as a catalyst for chlorinationn and polymerization reactions. It is used to coat the steel to make bronze, used as a cutting material of antimony salt and as a preservative in medicine. It is used as an analytical reagent for chloral and aromatics.


Moisture sensitive and hygroscopic in nature. It is corrosive to metals and tissue. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids and strong bases. Decomposes in water.

Literature References

Mild Lewis acid catalyst.

Preferred catalyst for fluoro-Pummerer reaction with DAST (Diethyl­aminosulfur trifluoride, A11992) for the formation of ɑ-fluoro thioethers from sulfoxides: Tetrahedron Lett., 29, 5729 (1988); J. Org. Chem., 55, 4757 (1990); Org. Synth. Coll., 9, 446 (1998). Direct conversion of thioethers to the ɑ-fluoro analogues has also been reported: J. Org. Chem., 58, 3800 (1993).

Superior to other Lewis acids for promoting the palladium(0)-catalyzed conjugate arylation of ɑß-unsaturated ketones and aldehydes with tetraphenyl borate and arylboronic acids: J. Org. Chem., 60, 883 (1995). Effective catalyst for conversion of epoxides to thiiranes with (NH4)2SCN: Indian J. Chem., 38B, 605 (1999).

Lia, W.; Rong, P.; Yang, K.; Huang, P.; Sun, K.; Chen, X. Semimetal nanomaterials of antimony as highly efficient agent for photoacoustic imaging and photothermal therapy. Biomaterials 2015, 45, 18-26.

Li, W.; Rong, P.; Yang, K.; Huang, P.; Sun, K.; Chen, X. Semimetal nanomaterials of antimony as highly efficient agent for photoacoustic imaging and photothermal therapy. Biomaterials 2015, 45, 18-26.

Zhou, B.; Li, M.; Wu, Y.; Yang, C.; Zhang, W. H.; Li, C. Monodisperse AgSbS2 Nanocrystals: Size-Control Strategy, Large-Scale Synthesis, and Photoelectrochemistry. Chem. Eur. J. 2015, 21 (31), 11143-11151.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H314-H411

Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Precautionary Statements: P260-P273-P280-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P304+P340-P310-P405-P501a

Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Avoid release to the environment. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

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