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Antimony(III) chloride is engaged to detect certain compounds, such as cholesterols. It is a complexing agent used in the colorimetric Carr-Price test for detecting carotenoids including vitamin A. It is employed as a mordant and a fabric flame retardant. It is used as a catalyst for chlorinationn and polymerization reactions. It is used to coat the steel to make bronze, used as a cutting material of antimony salt and as a preservative in medicine. It is used as an analytical reagent for chloral and aromatics.
Mild Lewis acid catalyst.
Preferred catalyst for fluoro-Pummerer reaction with DAST (Diethylaminosulfur trifluoride, A11992) for the formation of ɑ-fluoro thioethers from sulfoxides: Tetrahedron Lett., 29, 5729 (1988); J. Org. Chem., 55, 4757 (1990); Org. Synth. Coll., 9, 446 (1998). Direct conversion of thioethers to the ɑ-fluoro analogues has also been reported: J. Org. Chem., 58, 3800 (1993).
Superior to other Lewis acids for promoting the palladium(0)-catalyzed conjugate arylation of ɑß-unsaturated ketones and aldehydes with tetraphenyl borate and arylboronic acids: J. Org. Chem., 60, 883 (1995). Effective catalyst for conversion of epoxides to thiiranes with (NH4)2SCN: Indian J. Chem., 38B, 605 (1999).
Lia, W.; Rong, P.; Yang, K.; Huang, P.; Sun, K.; Chen, X. Semimetal nanomaterials of antimony as highly efficient agent for photoacoustic imaging and photothermal therapy. Biomaterials 2015, 45, 18-26.
Li, W.; Rong, P.; Yang, K.; Huang, P.; Sun, K.; Chen, X. Semimetal nanomaterials of antimony as highly efficient agent for photoacoustic imaging and photothermal therapy. Biomaterials 2015, 45, 18-26.
Zhou, B.; Li, M.; Wu, Y.; Yang, C.; Zhang, W. H.; Li, C. Monodisperse AgSbS2 Nanocrystals: Size-Control Strategy, Large-Scale Synthesis, and Photoelectrochemistry. Chem. Eur. J. 2015, 21 (31), 11143-11151.
Hazard Statements: H314-H335
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant