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Chloramine-T trihydrate is used as an intermediate in the manufacture of chemical substances such as pharmaceuticals. It combines with iodogen or lactoperoxidase and is commonly used for labeling peptides and proteins with radioiodine isotopes. Hypochlorite released from chloramine-T acts as an effective oxidizing agent for iodide to form iodine monochloride (ICl).
Mal, S.; Prathap, K. J.; Smith, S. C.; Umarye, J. D. Facile one pot synthesis of 8-chloro-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazines via oxidative cyclisation using chloramine T. Tetrahedron Lett. 2015, 56 (22), 2896-2901.
Dzandzi, J. P. K.; Vera, D. R. B.; Genady, A. R.; Albu, S. A.; Eltringham-Smith, L. J.; Capretta, A.; Sheffield, W.P.; Valliant, J. F. Fluorous Analogue of Chloramine-T: Preparation, X-ray Structure Determination, and Use as an Oxidant for Radioiodination and s-Tetrazine Synthesis. J. Org. Chem. 2015, 80 (14), 7117-7125.
Hazard Statements: H302-H314-H318-H334
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled.
Precautionary Statements: P260u-P284-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. Wear respiratory protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.