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Succinic acid acts as a leaching agent in extracting lithium, cobalt from used Li-ion batteries and magnesium from magnesite ore. It is used as a starting material in the synthesis of new elastic polyesters, fumaric acid, succinic anhydride and alkyd resins. It plays an important role as an acidity regulator in the food and beverage industry, as an excipient in pharmaceutical products and acts as a cocrystallising agent in organic synthesis. Its derivative viz diethyl ester is used as a substrate in the Stobbe condensation.
Hwang, H. J.; Choi, S. P.; Lee, S. Y.; Choi, J. I.; Han, S. J.; Lee, P. C. Dynamics of membrane fatty acid composition of succinic acid-producing Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens. J. Biotechnol. 2015, 193, 130-133.
Gunnarsson, I. B.; Kuglarz, M.; Karakashev, D.; Angelidaki, I. Thermochemical pretreatments for enhancing succinic acid production from industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.). Bioresour. Technol. 2015, 182, 58-66.
Hazard Statements: H303-H315-H318-H335
May be harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.