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Ethylenediamine is a strongly basic amine useful as a building block in chemical synthesis. It is used as a solvent to dissolve proteins such as albumins and casein. It is widely used for color photography developers, binders, adhesives, fabric softeners, curing agents for epoxys and dyes. As a corrosion inhibitor, it plays a vital role in paints and coolants. It is used as an intermediate in the preparation of polyamide resins, fuel additives and lubricants. It acts as a precursor for many polymers like polyurethane fibers and poly(amidoamine), ethylenediamine dihydroiodide (EDDI) as well as the bleaching activator, tetraacetylethylenediamine. It is an important chelating ligand used in the preparation of coordination compounds viz. tris(ethylenediamine)cobalt(III) chloride. It is also involved in the manufacture of many industrial chemicals and forms derivatives with carboxylic acids, nitriles, alcohols, alkylating agents, carbon disulfide, aldehydes and ketones. It is a basic building block to prepare heterocyclic compound such as imidazolidines.
The Li derivative in excess amine is a strong base for the rearrangement of primary allylic alcohols to the isomeric aldehydes in high yield: J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 812 (1985).
At high temperatures, reduces nitroarenes to azo-compounds. Reaction does not occur for nitro-compounds with o-substituents or p-amino-substituents: J. Org. Chem., 49, 1215 (1984).
The ethylenediamine complex of Cr2+ reduces aryl bromides to the hydrocarbons. For an example, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 821 (1988).
Xue, B.; Zhu, J.; Liu, N.; Li, Y. Facile functionalization of graphene oxide with ethylenediamine as a solid base catalyst for Knoevenagel condensation reaction. Catal. Commun. 2015, 64, 105-109.
Moradpour, A.; Ghaffarinejad, A.; Maleki, A.; Eskandarpour, V.; Motaharian, A. Low loaded palladium nanoparticles on ethylenediamine-functionalized cellulose as an efficient catalyst for electrochemical hydrogen production. RSC Adv. 2015, 5 (86), 70668-70674.
Hazard Statements: H226-H302-H311-H314-H317-H332-H334-H335
Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Harmful if inhaled. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P272-P280-P285-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P333+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant