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Potassium dihydrogen phosphate is used as a food additive, fertilizer (NPK), paint additive, coating additive, adhesive, buffering agent and in optical modulators. It is extensively used in research and analytical laboratories as a buffer in mobile/sample preparations for analysis by high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) and also in organic synthesis. MKP, monopotassium phosphate, owing to its non-linear optical properties, is used in optical modulators and for second-harmonic generation (SHG).
Bhagavannarayana, G.; Rajesh, P.; Ramasamy, P. Interesting Growth Features in Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate: Unravelling the Origin and Dynamics of Point Defects in Single Crystals. J. Appl. Cryst. 2010, 43, 1372-1376.
Han, W.; Xiang, Y.; Li, F.; Wang, F.; Zhou, L.; Zhao, J.; Feng, B.; Zheng, K.; Zhu, Q.; Wei, X.; Zheng, W.; Gong, M. Evaluating the safe limit of large-aperture potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals associated with transverse stimulated Raman scattering. Appl. Opt. 2015, 54 (13), 4167-4171.