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Sodium nitrate is used in the production of fertilizers, nitric acid, pyrotechnics, smoke-bombs, glass and pottery enamels. In combination with boron trifluoride it forms an efficient reagent for nitration of aromatic compounds. Adsorption on alumina provides an environmentally benign aromatic nitrating agent. Further it finds use as food preservative and as a solid rocket propellant. It is also used as an electrolyte in a salt bridge, and as thermal storage medium in power generation systems.
Xu, M.; Wang, J.; Li, C.; Zhang, J.; Liu, Y.; Yuan, G. Effect of electric field to infrared absorption properties of sodium nitrate on silver/diamond powder (Ag/DP) composites. Chem. Phys. Lett. 2014, 613, 10-14.
Steinitz, M. O.; Pink, D. A.; Clancy, J. P.; MacDonald, N.; Swainson, I. Sodium Nitrate -- A Difficult Discontinuous Phase Transition. Can. J. Phys. 2004, 82 (12), 1097-1107.
Hernández-Paredesa, J.; Carrillo-Pesqueiraa, F. J.; Esparza-Ponceb, H. E.; Hernández-Negretea, O.; Alvarez-Ramosa, M. E. l-Proline-sodium nitrate obtained from solvent drop grinding. Polyhedron 2015, 91, 84-88.
Hazard Statements: H272-H319-H373
May intensify fire; oxidizer. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P220-P221-P260-P264b-P271-P280-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P314-P337+P313-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep/Store away from clothing/combustible materials. Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant