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2-Nitrophenol is a building block used as an acid-base indicator and corrosion inhibitor for aluminum-copper alloy. It is also used to make dyes, paint coloring, rubber chemicals, and substances that kill molds.
Wensheng Huang.; Chunhai Yang.; Shenghui Zhang. Simultaneous determination of 2-nitrophenol and 4-nitrophenol based on the multi-wall carbon nanotubes Nafion-modified electrode. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. 2003, 375 (5), 703-707.
Konstantin B. Borisenko.; Charles W. Bock.; Istvan Hargittai. Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding and Molecular Geometry of 2-Nitrophenol from a Joint Gas-Phase Electron Diffraction and ab Initio Molecular Orbital Investigation. J. Phys. Chem. 1994, 98 (5), 1442-1448.
Acid-base indicator: approx. pH 5.0 - 6.2.
Hazard Statements: H302-H373
Harmful if swallowed. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P201-P280h-P304+P340-P301+P312a-P501a
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/clothing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF SWALLOWED: Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.