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2,2'-Bithiophene is used as a precursor in the preparation of 5,5'-bis(trimethylstannyl)-2,2'-bithiophene , which is used for the synthesis of small molecules and polymer semiconductors for organic field-effect transistor (OFETs), organic light-emitting diode (OLED), Plastic Light Emitting Diode (PLED) and Organic Photovoltaic (OPV) applications. It is associated with aryl iodides and involved in rhodium catalyzed arylation of heteroarenes.
Can be converted to its 5-lithio- and 5,5'-dilithio derivatives by PhLi and n-BuLi respectively. Chemistry of this type has found applications in synthesis of: liquid crystal molecules: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol. Sect. A, 218, 113 (1992); bithienoquinoid compounds as electron donors for organic conductors: Tetrahedron Lett., 33, 5405 (1992); conjugated thiophene oligomers as organic semiconductors: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 115, 8716 (1993); polythiophenes as conducting polymers: Synth. Met., 55, 420 (1993).
Gao, H.; Cheng, H.; Yang, Z.; Prehm, M.; Cheng, X.; Tschierske, C. Synthesis and self-assembly of 5,5'-bis(phenylethynyl)-2,2'-bithiophene-based bolapolyphiles in triangular and square LC honeycombs. J. Mater. Chem. C 2015, 3 (6), 1301-1308.
Pace, G.; Caranzi, L.; Bucella, S. G.; Canesi, E. V.; Dell'Erba, G.; Bertarelli, C.; Caironi, M. Electronic transport regimes through an alkoxythiolated diphenyl-2,2'-bithiophene-based molecular junction diodes: critical assessment of the thermal dependence. Nanoscale 2015, 7 (5), 2076-2084.