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Benzyl 2,2,2-trichloroacetimidate is used for the acid-catalyzed benzylation of hydroxy groups. It acts as reagent during the synthesis of funiculosin dimethyl ether and (S)-3-(benzyloxy)-2-methylpropanal. It can also be used for mild esterification of carboxylic acids in the presence of a catalytic amount of BF3 etherate.
Mild, selective benzylating agent. Formation of benzyl ethers from alcohols at room temperature is catalyzed by triflic acid; isopropylidene and benzylidene protecting groups are unaffected: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1., 2247 (1985). TMS triflate has also been recommended as a catalyst, avoiding racemization of sensitive substrates: Tetrahedron, 43, 1619 (1993). For use in the preparation of benzyl ethers of ß-hydroxy esters, see: Synthesis, 568 (1987).
The reagent can also be used for mild esterification of carboxylic acids in the presence of a catalytic amount of BF3 etherate: Synthesis, 168 (1997). For conversion of N-Boc groups to N-Cbz, catalyzed by triflic acid, see: J. Org. Chem., 55, 5170 (1990). See also Appendix 6.
Chen, T.; Altmann, K. H. Directed Hydrogenations and an Ireland-Claisen Rearrangement Linked to Evans-Tishchenko Chemistry: The Highly Efficient Total Synthesis of the Marine Cyclodepsipeptide Doliculide. Chem. Eur. J 2015, 21 (23), 8403-8407.
Miller, D. C.; Carbain, B.; Beale, G. S.; Alhasan, S. F.; Reeves, H. L.; Baisch, U.; Newell, D. R.; Golding, B. T.; Griffin, R. J. Regioselective sulfamoylation at low temperature enables concise syntheses of putative small molecule inhibitors of sulfatases. Org. Biomol. Chem. 2015, 13 (18), 5279-5284 .
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant