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Taurine plays an important role in cardiovascular function, skeletal muscle function, the retina and the central nervous system. It acts as an antioxidant as well as protecting against the toxicity of various substances such as lead and cadmium. It is also used in contact lens solution and an ingredient in numerous energy drinks.
For a monograph, see: Taurine, R. Huxtable, A. Barbeau, Eds., Raven Press, N.Y., (1975).
Jurkowska, H.; Stipanuk, M. H.; Hirschberger, L. L.; Roman, H. B. Propargylglycine inhibits hypotaurine/taurine synthesis and elevates cystathionine and homocysteine concentrations in primary mouse hepatocytes. Amino acids 2015, 47 (6), 1215-1223.
Chou, C. T.; Lin, H. T.; Hwang, P. A.; Wang, S. T.; Hsieh, C. H.; Hwang, D. F. Taurine resumed neuronal differentiation in arsenite-treated N2a cells through reducing oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and mitochondrial dysfunction. Amino acids 2015, 47 (4), 735-744.