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It is used as a research tool, in characterizing subtypes of the potassium channel. It has also been used as a drug, to manage some of the symptoms of multiple sclerosis. In the laboratory, 4-AP is a useful pharmacological tool in studying various potassium conductances in physiology and biophysics. Spinal cord injury patients have also seen improvement with 4-AP therapy.
H Bostock et. al.The effects of 4-aminopyridine and tetraethylammonium ions on normal and demyelinated mammalian nerve fibres. Journal of Physiology. 1981, 313 301-315.
Shun-ichi Yamaguchi,; Michael A. Rogawski.Effects of anticonvulsant drugs on 4-aminopyridine-induced seizures in mice . Epilepsy Research. 1992, 11(1), 9-16.
Hazard Statements: H300-H311-H315-H319-H335
Fatal if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P310-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P330-P332+P313-P337+P313-P361-P363-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant