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Iodoacetic acid is used as a reagent for the modification of sulfhydryl groups in organic synthesis. It reacts with cysteine moiety in proteins to prevent the re-formation of disulfide bonds during protein sequencing. It is also used as a general reagent in acylation reactions as well as in glycopeptide synthesis.
Shimada, T.; Kuyama, H.; Sato, T. A.; Tanaka, K. Development of iodoacetic acid-based cysteine mass tags: detection enhancement for cysteine-containing peptide by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Anal. Biochem. 2012, 421 (2), 785-787.
Scott, P. A.; Kaplan, H. J.; Sandell, J. H. Anatomical evidence of photoreceptor degeneration induced by iodoacetic acid in the porcine eye. Exp Eye Res 2011, 93 (4), 513-527.
Hazard Statements: H301-H314
Toxic if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P260u-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.