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Extensively finds applications as a base, a nucleophile and a solvent. Used for the production of dipiperidinyl dithiuram tetrasulfide, which is used as a rubber vulcanization accelerator. It is commonly used in solid phase peptide synthesis (F-MOC Chemistry) and in chemical degradation reactions (sequencing of DNA). Used in making rubber, curing epoxy resins and in fine chemicals, and pharmaceuticals.
Rubiralta, M.; Giralt, E.; Diez, A. Piperidine: structure, preparation, reactivity, and synthetic applications of piperidine and its derivatives; Elsevier Science: Burlington, 2013; 460 p.
Srivastava, K.; Davis, M. A comparative examination of two Fmoc removal reagents for process improvement to produce peptide drugs. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 2009, 611, 585-91.
Base catalyst in the Doebner modification of the Knoevenagel condensation; see Malonic acid, A11526.
Widely used for cleavage of Fmoc protecting groups: J. Org. Chem., 52, 1197 (1987); Tetrahedron Lett., 34, 6135 (1993). See Appendix 6.
For preparation of the piperidine enamine of cyclooctanecarboxaldehyde, and its subsequent use in the synthesis of spirohexadienones, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 7, 473 (1990).
Hazard Statements: H225-H311-H331-H314
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Toxic in contact with skin. Toxic if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.