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Cyanoacetamide was used in spectrofluorimetric method for the determination of some antihistaminic H1 receptor antagonist drugs such as ebastine, cetirizine dihydrochloride and fexofenadine hydrochloride. It may be used in fluorometric determination of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine. It was used as post column fluorigenic derivatizing agent for the bio-analysis and pharmacokinetics of chitosan ester in rabbit serum. Cyanoacetamide is the starting reagent for vitamin B6 synthesis. It reacts with reducing carbohydrates in borate buffer to give intense fluorescence andis useful for the automated analysis of carbohydrates as borate complexes.
Fadda AA, et al..; Turk. J. Cyanoacetamide derivatives as synthons in heterocyclic synthesis. J. Chem. 2008, 32 (3),259-286.
Honda S, et al. Fluorimetric determination of reducing carbohydrates with 2-cyanoacetamide and application to automated analysis of carbohydrates as borate complexes. Anal. Chem. 1980, 52 (7), 1079-1082.
Review of utility in heterocyclic synthesis: Heterocycles, 24, 2023 (1986). Reaction with various enones and enals in the presence of KO-t-Bu and oxygen in DMSO provides a one-step route to functionalized 3-cyano-2-pyridones: Tetrahedron Lett., 36, 3307 (1995):
In the absence of oxygen, only Michael addition occurs.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P330-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant