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Glycolic acid is used for acne and anti-aging treatment. It is also employed in the textile industry as a dyeing and tanning agent. It is used in emulsion polymers, solvents and additives for ink and paints. It is also useful as an intermediate for organic synthesis such as redox reactions, esterification and long chain polymerization. It acts as a monomer in the preparation of polyglycolic acid and other biocompatible copolymers. Further, it is used as a preservative and flavoring agent in organic synthesis. It is also used in adhesives and plastics.
Datta, D.; Kumar, S. Modeling Using Response Surface Methodology And Optimization Using Differential Evolution Of Reactive Extraction Of Glycolic Acid. Chem. Eng. Commun. 2015, 202 (1), 59-69.
Steward, K. M.; Corbett, M. T.; Goodman, C. G.; Johnson, J. S. Correction to Asymmetric Synthesis of Diverse Glycolic Acid Scaffolds via Dynamic Kinetic Resolution of α-Keto Esters. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137 (11), 3991-3991.
Hazard Statements: H314-H332-H335
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Harmful if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant