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Ethyl acetoacetate is used as an intermediate in organic synthesis and as a co-promoter for unsaturated polyester resins. It is widely used in the production of dyes, inks, perfumes, plastics and flavoring agents. It is an important starting material for the syntheses of alpha-substituted acetoacetic esters and cyclic compounds like pyrazole, pyrimidine and coumarin derivatives. It acts as an intermediate in the synthesis of vitamins and pharmaceuticals. It finds application as a formaldehyde scavenger.
Under the conditions of the classical acetoacetic ester route to methyl ketones [see, e.g.: Org. Synth. Coll., 1, 248, 351 (1941)], varying amounts of O-alkylation occur. Regioselective C-alkylation can be obtained by phase-transfer procedures: J. Org. Chem., 39, 3271 (1974). For improved alkylation using TBAB, see: Org. Prep. Proced. Int., 26, 469 (1994).
Many techniques have been devised for the decarboalkoxylation of substituted ß-ketoesters (compare Diethyl malonate, A15468); for reviews, see: Synthesis, 805, 893 (1982). Enolisable ß-keto esters can be decarboalkoxylated by heating in toluene in the presence of a catalytic amount of DMAP. Other bases are ineffective: J. Org. Chem., 54, 3474 (1989).
For use in diazo transfer reactions, see 4-Acetamidobenzenesulfonyl azide, L15916.
Xu, L.; Jiang, Y. G.; Feng, J. Z.; Feng, J. Influence of Ethyl Acetoacetate on the Structure and Thermal Stability of Alumina Aerogel. Mater. Sci. Forum 2015, 816, 157-162.
Dehghan, A.; Singh, S.; Abbasinejad, M. A.; Hassanabadi, A. Four-component reaction between cyanoacetamide, aryl aldehydes, and ethyl acetoacetate with ammonium carbonate. Res. Chem. Intermed. 2015, 41 (2), 1001-1009.
Hazard Statements: H227
Precautionary Statements: P210-P280-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant