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Ethyl hydrogen malonate is used as a reactant for the preparation of tetramic acids through Dieckmann ring closure and organocatalytic decarboxylative Doebner-Knoevenagel reactions. It is involved in the acylation reactions and Knoevenagel condensation with aldehydes. It is also used in the preparation of gamma-lactones from olefins by intermolecular carbolactonization in presence of Mn(III) acetate as a catalyst.
Reaction with alkyl chloroformates results in decarboxylation of the mixed anhydride in situ, providing a route to mixed ethyl alkyl malonates in high yield under very mild conditions: Tetrahedron Lett., 26, 1573 (1985).
Half esters of malonic acid react with ɑß-enals in pyridine/ DMAP to give ɑß δ-dienoic esters with good (E)-selectivity: Synthesis: 534 (1988).
The O,ɑ-dilithio-derivative, formed with n-BuLi in THF, can be acylated with acid chlorides to give, on acidic work-up (in situ decarboxylation), ß-ketoesters directly in high yield: J. Org. Chem., 44, 310 (1979); Org. Synth. Coll., 7, 213 (1990). Similarly, alkylation of the dilithio-derivative provides a direct route to esters of substituted acetic acids: J. Org. Chem., 40, 2556 (1975).
Carbodiimide coupling with polymer-bound ɑ-amino acids has been used in the solid-phase synthesis of substituted tetramic acids; J. Org. Chem., 63, 4808 (1998).
See also Ethyl potassium malonate, A10720 .
Fattorusso, C.; Persico, M.; Basilico, N.; Taramelli, D.; Fattorusso, E.; Scala, F.; Taglialatela-Scafati, O. Antimalarials based on the dioxane scaffold of plakortin. A concise synthesis and SAR studies. Bioorg. Med. Chem. 2011, 19 (1), 312-320.
Anwar, M.; Moloney, M. G. Chiral Bicyclic Tetramates as Non-Planar Templates for Chemical Library Synthesis. Chem. Biol. Drug Des. 2013, 81 (5), 645-649.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant