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Calcium hydroxide is used as a flocculant in water and sewage treatment. It is also used in fresh water treatment to raise the pH of the water thereby controlling the corrosion of pipes. It is widely used in the production of calcium stearate. It is an active ingredient in whitewash, mortar and plaster. This compound is also used in the petroleum refining industry for the preparation of additives to oils and in the preparation of dry mixes for painting and decorating. It finds application as an antifungal and antimicrobial preservative for vegetables in storage.
Shokaraneh, A.; Farhad, A. R.; Farhad, N.; Saatchi, M.; Hasheminia, S. M. Antibacterial effect of triantibiotic mixture versus calcium hydroxide in combination with active agents against Enterococcus faecalis biofilm. Dent Mater J 2014, 33 (6), 733-738.
Khor, W. C.; Rabaey, K.; Vervaeren, H. Low temperature calcium hydroxide treatment enhances anaerobic methane production from (extruded) biomass. Bioresour. Technol. 2015, 176, 181-188.
Hazard Statements: H315-H318-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.