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1,2-Dichloroethane is used to make vinyl chloride and chlorinated solvents (trichloroethane, trichloroethylene, perchloroethylene, and vinylidene) to remove grease, resins, glue and dirt. It is used as a solvent in the manufacture of polystyrene and SBR latex. It is added to leaded petrol as an anti-knock compound. It is also used in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes, packaging materials, furniture, auto mobile parts, wall coverings and housewares. It is also used generally as an intermediate for other organic chemical compounds and as a solvent. It is a useful solvent for the isomer distribution in the acetylation of benzene and toluene under the influence of aluminum chloride.
Yang, P.; Shi, Z.; Tao, F.; Yang, S.; Zhou, R. Synergistic performance between oxidizability and acidity/texture properties for 1,2-dichloroethane oxidation over (Ce,Cr)xO2/zeolite catalysts. Chem. Eng. Sci. 2015, 134, 340-347.
Boudewijns, T.; Piccinini , M.; Degraeve, P.; Liebens, A.; Vos, D. D. Pathway to Vinyl Chloride Production via Dehydrochlorination of 1,2-Dichloroethane in Ionic Liquid Media. ACS Catal. 2015, 5 (7), 4043-4047.
Hazard Statements: H225-H302-H315-H319-H331-H335-H336-H350-H373
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. Toxic if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. May cause cancer. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280i-P281-P301+P312-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313-P311-P330-P332+P313-P337+P313-P363-P37
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear eye/face protection. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: If eye irritation persists: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.