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(Trimethylsilyl)acetylene is used in the preparation of trimethylsilanyl-propiolic acid ethyl ester by reacting with carbonochloridic acid ethyl ester as well as in the synthesis of iodoalkenes by radical addition of perfluoroalkyl iodides. It is used as a nucleophile in Friedel-Crafts type acylations and alkylations reactions, as a ligand in organometallic chemistry and an useful reagent in cycloaddition reactions. It acts as a precursor to lithium trimethylsilylacetylide It finds application in the synthesis of (±)-estrone.
Pd catalyzed coupling with aryl bromides or iodides gives aryl TMS alkynes, from which the TMS group is readily cleaved by K2CO3 in MeOH: Synthesis, 627 (1980); J. Org. Chem., 46, 2280 (1981). Coupling with 1-bromo-2-nitrobenzene or ethyl 2-bromocarbanilate gives indole precursors. Other terminal alkynes lead to 2-substituted indoles: Heterocycles, 24, 31 (1986):
Cross-coupling with aryl halides can also be catalyzed by Pd-C in the presence of Ph3P, CuI and Et3N: Synth. Commun., 20, 2059 (1990); for an example, see 2-Bromonaphthalene, A15300. Pd catalyzed coupling with quinolinol and isoquinolinol triflates has also been reported: Tetrahedron, 51, 3737 (1995). For coupling with vinyl halides catalyzed by Tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0), 10548 in the presence of CuI as an example of a route to enynes, see: Tetrahedron Lett., 30, 6997 (1989); Org. Synth. Coll., 9, 117 (1998). CuCl-TMEDA catalyzed oxidative (Hay) coupling gives bis(TMS)-1,3-butadiyne: Org. Synth. Coll., 8, 63 (1993).
For the synthesis of iodoalkenes by radical addition of perfluoroalkyl iodides, see: J. Org. Chem., 47, 2251 (1982).
Das, S.; Samanta, S.; Ray, S.; Biswas, P. 3, 6-Di (pyridin-2-yl)-1, 2, 4, 5-tetrazine capped Pd (0) nanoparticles: a catalyst for copper-free Sonogashira coupling of aryl halides in aqueous medium. J. Chromatogr. A 2015, 1379, 56-64.
Hazard Statements: H225
Highly flammable liquid and vapour.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P280a-P240-P241-P303+P361+P353-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.