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Benzhydrol is widely used as intermediates in pharmaceuticals (including antihistamines), agrochemicals, perfumes and other organic compounds. It is used as a fixative in the perfume industry. It is involved in polymerization reaction as a terminating group. It is used as precursor to prepare modafinil, benztropine and diphehydramine.
The protection of OH groups as benzhydryl ethers can be catalyzed by sulfuric acid: Org. Synth. Coll., 4, 72 (1963); Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 15, 281 (1976). See also Benzhydryl bromide, L02211. Thiols, e.g. in cysteine residues in peptide synthesis, can be protected as thioethers in the presence of TFA or HBr/AcOH: J. Chem. Soc. (C), 2683 (1970). The group can be cleaved by TFA in the presence of a cation scavenger, e.g. phenol or anisole (same ref.), or by Na in liquid NH3: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 84, 3887 (1962). See Appendix 6.
Carboxyl groups can be protected by esterification in benzene with tosic acid catalyst. Deprotection can be effected with the same catalyst by refluxing in toluene, which undergoes electrophilic alkylation: Tetrahedron Lett., 37, 1965 (1996).
Misawa, T.; Dodo, K.; Ishikawa, M.; Hashimoto, Y.; Sagawa, M.; Kizaki, M.; Aoyama, H. Structure-activity relationships of benzhydrol derivatives based on 1'-acetoxychavicol acetate (ACA) and their inhibitory activities on multiple myeloma cell growth via inactivation of the NF-κB pathway. Bioorg. Med. Chem. 2015, 23 (9), 2241-2246.
Taskin, O. S.; Temel, B. A.; Tasdelen, M. A.; Yagci, Y. Synthesis of block copolymers by selective H-abstraction and radical coupling reactions using benzophenone/benzhydrol photoinitiating system. Eur. Polym. J. 2015, 62, 304-311.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant