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Ethyl methanesulfonate is used as mutagen for both mammalian and plant cells. It finds application as a model alkylating agent in the study of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair processes.
Hartwig, B.; James, G. V.; Konrad, K.; Schneeberger, K.; Turck, F. Fast isogenic mapping-by-sequencing of ethyl methanesulfonate-induced mutant bulks. Plant Physiol. 2012, 160 (2), 591-600.
Gunther, W. C.; Coffing, S. L.; Dickinson, D. A.; Engel, M. E.; Fiedler, R. D.; O'Lone, S. D.; Dobo, K. L. Evaluation of the Pig-a, micronucleus, and comet assay endpoints in a 28-day study with ethyl methanesulfonate. Environ Mol Mutagen 2014, 55 (6), 492-499.
Hazard Statements: H302-H340-H351-H361
Harmful if swallowed. May cause genetic defects. Suspected of causing cancer. Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P201-P280-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.