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1,2-Dimethoxyethane is widely used as a solvent for electrolyte of lithium batteries, polysilicones, oligo- and polysaccharides. It plays an important role in Grignard reactions, Suzuki reactions and Stille couplings in organometallic chemistry and in pharmaceutical synthesis. It is a higher boiling point solvent and is used as an alternative to diethyl ether and tetrahydrofuran. It is used for the etching of synthetic polymers like polytetrafluoroethylene and other fluoropolymers with alkali metal dispersions.
Solvent for lithiations and metal hydride reductions.
Recommended solvent for the Schmidt reaction of ketones with hydrazoic acid, avoiding potential hazards reported with the more usual chlorinated solvents, particularly chloroform. The hydrazoic acid is generated in situ from NaN3 and methanesulfonic acid: Tetrahedron, 52, 1609 (1996)./n
Che, P.; Lu, F.; Si, X.; Xu, J. Catalytic etherification of hydroxyl compounds to methyl ethers with 1,2-dimethoxyethane. RSC Adv. 2015, 5 (31), 24139-24143.
Monreal, M. J.; Thomson, R. K.; Scott, B. L.; Kiplinger, J. L. Enhancing the synthetic efficacy of thorium tetrachloride bis(1,2-dimethoxyethane) with added 1,2-dimethoxyethane: Preparation of metallocene thorium dichlorides. Inorg. Chem. Commun. 2014, 46, 51-53.
Hazard Statements: H225-H315-H319-H332-H360FD
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. Harmful if inhaled. May damage fertility. Suspected of damaging the unborn child. May damage fertility. May damage the unborn child.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P233-P240-P241-P242-P243-P261-P264b-P271-P280i-P281-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313-P332+P313-P337+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear eye/face protection. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. If skin irritation occurs: If eye irritation persists: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant