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Sodium fluoride is used as a steel degreasing agent and in tin electroplating, flux, heat treating salt compositions, fluoridation of drinking water, removing HF from exhaust systems to reduce air pollution, and frosting glasses. It serves as a source of fluoride ion in several applications including it use in synthetic chemistry, for example in Finkelstein reaction for preparating fluoro compounds, desilylation in sensitive organic compounds, metallurgy, and reaction with electrophilic chlorides. It has medical and other applications including complexing of magnesium ions.
Reviews: Fluoride ion as a base in organic synthesis: Chem. Rev., 80, 429 (1980). Alkali metal fluorides in organic synthesis: Synthesis, 169 (1983). See also Potassium fluoride, 14130.
Songsiripradubboon, S.; Hamba, H.; Trairatvorakul, C.; Tagami, J. Sodium fluoride mouthrinse used twice daily increased incipient caries lesion remineralization in an in situ model. J. Dentistry 2014, 42 (3), 271-278.
Atmaca, N.; Atmaca, H. T.; Kanicic, A.; Anteplioglu, T. Protective effect of resveratrol on sodium fluoride-induced oxidative stress, hepatotoxicity and neurotoxicity in rats. Food Chem. Toxicol. 2014, 70, 191-197.
Hazard Statements: H301-H315-H319
Toxic if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P264b-P270-P280-P301+P310-P302+P352-P305+P351+P338-P330-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant