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1-Pentanol is used as a key starting material in the production of dichloro-acetic acid pentyl ester, 2-methyltetrahydrofuran, di-n-penyl ether (DNPE), pentyl butyrate and amyl acetate. As a solvent, it is used for coating CDs and DVDs. It has been considered to be a replacement for gasoline and diesel fuels due to its combustion properties. Further, it is used as a reagent to prepare derivatives of ferulic acid and caffeic acid, which shows anticancer properties.
Estrada-Baltazar, A.; Bravo-Sanchez, M. G.; Iglesias-Silva, G. A.; Alvarado, J. F. J.; Castrejon-Gonzalez, E. O.; Ramos-Estrada, M. Densities and viscosities of binary mixtures of n-decane+ 1-pentanol,+ 1-hexanol,+ 1-heptanol at temperatures from 293.15 to 363.15 K and atmospheric pressure. Chin. J. Chem. Eng. 2015, 23 (3), 559-571.
Khoiroh, I.; Shu, S. S.; Lee, M. J. Vapor-liquid equilibrium of polyethylene glycol monooleyl ether with 2-butanol, tert-butanol, or 1-pentanol. Fluid Phase Equilib. 2015, 404, 81-88.
Hazard Statements: H226-H315-H319-H332-H335
Flammable liquid and vapour. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. Harmful if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P261-P264b-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P337+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant