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p-Benzoquinone is used as a dienophile in Diels-Alder cycloadditions to prepare naphthoquinones and 1,4-phenanthrenediones. It acts as a dehydrogenation reagent and an oxidizer in synthetic organic chemistry. In the Thiele-Winter reaction, it is involved in the preparation of triacetate of hydroxyquinol by reacting with acetic anhydride and sulfuric acid. It is also used in the synthesis of bromadol and to suppress double- bond migration during olefin metathesis reactions. It is used as a precursor to hydroquinone which finds application in photography and as a reducing agent and an antioxidant in rubber production.
Mild reoxidant in palladium-catalyzed reactions, to convert Pd(0) back to Pd(II); see e.g.: Org. Synth. Coll., 8, 137 (1993). For use in the Pd-catalyzed oxidative addition of amines to electron-deficient alkenes, to give enamines, see Palladium(II) chloride, 11034. For the cis-1,4-stereo- and regioselective chloroacetoxylation of 1,3-dienes by Pd(OAc)2 and LiCl, in the presence of benzoquinone, see Palladium(II) acetate, 10516.
Reacts with allyl or isoprenyl tin derivatives in the presence of BF3 etherate to give ortho allyl-substituted quinones: Org. Synth. Coll., 9, 741 (1998). For a reaction scheme, see 2,3-Dimethoxy-5-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone, B24777.
Ajeel, M. A.; Aroua, M. K.; Daud, W. M. A. W. p-Benzoquinone Anodic Degradation by Carbon Black Diamond Composite Electrodes. Electrochim. Acta. 2015, 169, 46-51.
Papa, C. M.; Cesnik, A. J.; Evans, T. C.; Choi, K. S. Electrochemical Synthesis of Binary and Ternary Niobium-Containing Oxide Electrodes Using the p-Benzoquinone/Hydroquinone Redox Couple. Langmuir 2015, 31 (34), 9502-9510.
Hazard Statements: H301-H331-H315-H319-H335
Toxic if swallowed. Toxic if inhaled. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P301+P310a-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.