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N-octane is mainly used as a solvent, fuel and as one of the standard values in octane rating scale. It is also used to prevent uneven burning of fuel in internal-combustion engines. Further, it acts as an antiknock agent for high compression engine fuels, lacquer diluents, blowing agent for foam rubber. In addition, it is used in rocket propellants and in azeotropic distillations.
Lonsdale, T. H.; Lauterbach, L.; Malca, S. H.; Nestl, B. M.; Hauer, B.; Lenz, O. H2-driven biotransformation of n-octane to 1-octanol by a recombinant Pseudomonas putida strain co-synthesizing an O2-tolerant hydrogenase and a P450 monooxygenase. Chem. Commun. 2015, 51 (90), 16173-16175.
Ralphs, K.; Chansai, S.; Hardacre, C.; Burch, R.; Taylor, S. F. R.; James, S. L. Mechanochemical preparation of Ag catalysts for the n-octane-SCR de-NOx reaction: Structural and reactivity effects. Catal. Today 2015, 246, 198-206.
Hazard Statements: H225-H304-H315-H319-H336
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P261-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P331-P332+P313-P337+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant