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Propionitrile, act as solvents and are reacted further for various application including, Extraction solvent for fatty acids, oils and unsaturated hydrocarbons, Solvent for spinning and casting, removing agent of colouring matters and aromatic alcohols, Non-aqueous solvent for titrations and for inorganic salts, Recrystallization of steroids, Parent compound for organic synthesis, chemical intermediate in biochemistry, Catalyst and component of transition-metal complex catalysts, Stabilizer for chlorinated solvents, Chemical intermediate and solvent for perfumes and pharmaceuticals. It is used as a dielectric fluid.
R. G. Lerner.; B. P. Dailey. Microwave Spectrum and Structure of Propionitrile. J. Chem. Phys. 1957, 678, (26.
R.J. Kern. Acrylonitrile and propionitrile complexes of metal chlorides in the first transition series. Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry. 1963, 25, (1), 5-9.
Hazard Statements: H225-H300-H310-H319-H331
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Causes serious eye irritation. Toxic if inhaled.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P262-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P307+P311-P310-P311-P330-P337+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant