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Tetramethylammonium binds AT-rich DNA polymers while concomitantly abolishing the preferential melting of AT versus GC base pairs. Supplied as 0.2 ?m filtered solution in 18 megohm water. It is employed as a phase transfer catalyst.
J. Kathleen Buckner.; William L. Jorgensen. Energetics and hydration of the constituent ion pairs of tetramethylammonium chloride. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1989, 111 (7),2507-2516 .
Anthony G. Dilella.; Savio L.C. Woo.  Hybridization of genomic DNA to oligonucleotide probes in the presence of tetramethylammonium chloride.Methods Enzymol. 1987, 152 447-451 .
Thermally-stable phase-transfer catalyst (see Appendix 2) which has been used in nucleophilic displacement reactions of aryl nitro groups with KF in tetramethylene sulfone: J. Org. Chem., 56, 6406 (1991). A detailed study of the halex Cl - /F - exchange reaction of activated aryl chlorides, for example the conversion of 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene to 2-chloro-1-fluoro-4-nitrobenzene in DMSO at 120oC showed tetramethylammonium chloride to be superior to other common phase-transfer catalysts. It was necessary to pre-dry the catalyst to <0.2% water to avoid competition from hydrolytic displacement: Chem. Commun., 297 (1996).
Hazard Statements: H301-H311-H315-H319-H335
Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P280h-P305+P351+P338-P309-P310a
Wear protective gloves/clothing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or if you feel unwell: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor