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Trimethyl phosphonoacetate is used in the preparation of sarin A by intramolecular Mannich-type reactions. It is involved in the Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons olefination with aldehydes and ketones to give acrylic esters. It is also involved in oxa-Michael reactions, prenylation of oxindoles and heterocyclization reactions.
Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons olefination (see Appendix 1) with aldehydes and ketones gives acrylic esters, cf Triethyl phosphonoacetate, A14120. In general, the (E):(Z) ratio of the resulting alkene increases as the counter-ion becomes smaller (K, Na, Li) and as the temperature increases. See, e.g.: J. Org. Chem., 55, 3386 (1990). Reaction with ɑ-hydroxy ketones provides a simple route to butenolides: Tetrahedron Lett., 36, 2839 (1995):
Cheng, D.; Liu, Y.; Wang, H.; Weng, X.; Wu, Z. Enhanced CO2 adsorptive performance of PEI/SBA-15 adsorbent using phosphate ester based surfactants as additives. J. Environ. Sci. 2015, 38, 1-7.
Sugimoto, K.; Miyakawa, Y.; Tokuyama, H. Total synthesis of (-)-rhazinilam using 1, 3-dipolar cycloaddition of optically active münchnone intermediate. Tetrahedron 2015, 71 (22), 3619-3624.