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1-Bromo-3-methyl-2-butene is considered as a source of 3,3-dimethylallyl group and used in the preparation of natural products. It is also employed in the synthesis of base-modified pyrimidine nucleosides. Further, it is used in the preparation of (±)-eldanolide, 1-(3,3-dimethylallyl)-L-tryptophan and (±)-fumagillin, an antibiotic isolated from Aspergillus fumigattus.
3,3-Dimethylallyl (prenyl) building block group, useful in terpene synthesis. For use as an alkylating agent, see, e.g.: Org. Synth. Coll., 8, 381 (1993).
In the presence of the hindered base lithium 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidide (LTMP) forms a carbenoid species which reacts with alkenes to provide vinylcyclopropenes: Synlett, 647 (1991):
Fujii, S.; Shimizu, A.; Takeda, N.; Oguchi, K.; Katsurai, T.; Shirakawa, H.; Komai, M.; Kagechika, H. Systematic synthesis and anti-inflammatory activity of µ-carboxylated menaquinone derivatives-Investigations on identified and putative vitamin K2 metabolites. Bioorg. Med. Chem. 2015, 23 (10), 2344-2352.
Inagaki, R.; Ninomiya, M.; Tanaka, K.; Koketsu, M. Synthesis, Characterization, and Antileukemic Properties of Naphthoquinone Derivatives of Lawsone. ChemMedChem 2015, 10 (8), 1413-1423.
Hazard Statements: H226-H314-H335
Flammable liquid and vapour. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P240-P243-P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P312-P363-P374-P380-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance. Evacuate area. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant