5-Fluorouracil is used as an antitumor agent in the treatment of anal, breast, colorectal, oesophageal, stomach, pancreatic and skin cancers. It finds application as a suicide inhibitor due to its irreversible inhibition of thymidylate synthase. It is also used in the treatment of actinic keratoses and bowen's disease. Further, it serves as a potent antineoplastic agent in clinical use. In addition to this, it acts as a DNA synthesis inhibitor.
Antineoplastic agent. Not for drug use.
Cosco, D.; Paolino, D.; Maiuolo, J.; Di Marzio, L.; Carafa, M.; Ventura, C. A.; Fresta, M. Ultradeformable liposomes as multidrug carrier of resveratrol and 5-fluorouracil for their topical delivery. Int. J. Pharm. 2015, 489 (1-2), 1-10.
Wu, X.; He, C.; Wu, Y.; Chen, X. Synergistic therapeutic effects of Schiff's base cross-linked injectable hydrogels for local co-delivery of metformin and 5-fluorouracil in a mouse colon carcinoma model. Biomaterials 2016, 75, 148-162.
Hazard Statements: H302-H341-H360-H373
Harmful if swallowed. Suspected of causing genetic defects. May damage fertility or the unborn child. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P201-P280-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.