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p-Chloranil is used as a dye intermediate, oxidizing agent, vulcanizing agent and dehydrogenation reagent. It is also used to make chloranil electrodes for pH measurements. Further, it serves as a hydrogen acceptor and used for the aromatization reactions such as conversion of cyclohexadienes to the benzene derivatives. It is used to test the secondary amine. In addition to this, it is employed as a precursor to prepare diaziquone, which is used as a cancer chemotherapeutic agent.
High potential quinones dehydrogenate many hydroaromatic systems by hydride abstraction.
Reviews: Adv. Org. Chem., 2, 329 (1960); Chem. Rev., 67, 153 (1967); 78, 317 (1978).
Forms complexes with many non-aromatic electron-donors, e.g. carbonyl compounds, esters, amides, lactones, lactams and alkyl iodides: J. Org. Chem., 53, 2163 (1988).
Liu, B.; Li, X.; Stępień, M.; Chmielewski, P. J. Towards Norcorrin: Hydrogenation Chemistry and the Heterodimerization of Nickel(II) Norcorrole. Chem. Eur. J. 2015, 21 (21), 7790-7797.
Paddy, V.; van Tonder, J. J.; Steenkamp, V. In vitro Antioxidant Activity and Polyphenolic Content of a Polyherbal Tea and Its Constituents. European J. Med. Plants 2015, 7 (4), 215-226.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H331
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. Toxic if inhaled.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P311-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant