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75-47-8 - Iodoform, 99% - Triiodomethane - A13664 - Alfa Aesar

A13664 Iodoform, 99%

CAS Number
75-47-8
Synonyms
Triiodomethane

Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
50g 27.50
250g 98.47
1000g 333.76
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Iodoform, 99%

MDL
MFCD00001069
EINECS
200-874-5

Chemical Properties

Formula
CHI3
Formula Weight
393.73
Melting point
118-123°
Flash Point
None
Density
4.008
Sensitivity
Light Sensitive
Solubility
Soluble in water, ether, acetic acid, ethanol, chloroform, ether, glycerol, carbon disulfide, olive oil, benzene and acetone. Slightly soluble in petroleum ether.

Applications

Iodoform is use as a disinfectant. It is an active ingredient of ear powder along with other constituents like zinc oxide and propanoic acid, which prevent infection and facilitate the removal of ear hair in dogs and cats. In analytical chemistry, it is involved in the determination of iodoform in drinking water as well as to remove heavy metals like mercury from fluids. It plays an important role in the fermentation of bio mass. It is also used in root canal therapy for infected primary teeth.

Notes

Light sensitive. Incompatible with strong bases, alkali metals, trong oxidizing agents and magnesium.

Literature References

Precursor of diiodocarbene under phase-transfer conditions: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 13, 132 (1974), or using KO-t-Bu: Synthesis, 313 (1976). Generation of diiodocarbene with NaH in ether and reaction with malonate is the first step of a route to vinyl iodides: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 47 (1990):

In the presence of solid NaOH, free radical iodination of saturated hydrocarbons has been accomplished under mild conditions. The reaction is thought to involve the triiodomethyl radical as a chain carrier: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 38, 2786 (1999).

Gu, J.; Yan, X.; Fu, Z.; Yang, W.; Shi, Y. Iodoform-mediated free radical emulsion polymerization of chloroprene. J. Appl. Polym. Sci 2013, 128 (4), 2291-2296.

Zall, A.; Bensinger, D.; Schmidt, B. Oxidative Homologation of Aldehydes to α-Ketoaldehydes by using Iodoform, o-Iodoxybenzoic Acid, and Dimethyl Sulfoxide. Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2012, 2012 (7), 1439-1447.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H302-H312-H332-H315-H319-H335

Harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Harmful if inhaled. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.

Precautionary Statements: P261-P280-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P362-P301+P312-P312-P363-P405-P501a

Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Other References

Merck
14,5033
Beilstein
1697010
Harmonized Tariff Code
2903.39
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
PB7000000

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