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4-Hydroxybenzoic acid is used as an intermediate for dyes, antiseptics and active pharmaceutical ingredients. It is also used as a food preservative, corrosion inhibitor, anti-oxidant and an emulsifier. It reacts with 6-hydroxynaphthalene-2-carboxylic acid to prepare aromatic polyester called Vectran fiber. It acts as a precursor to prepare p-hydroxyphenylbenzoate, p-acetoxybenzoyl chloride and 4,4'-dihydroxybenzophenone. Further, it is used in paint additives, coating additives, processing aids, electrical and electronic products. In addition to this, it acts as a preservative in cosmetics and some ophthalmic solutions.
Froissard, D.; Rapior, S.; Bessiere, J. M.; Buatois, B.; Fruchier, A.; Sol, V.; Fons, F. Asplenioideae Species as a Reservoir of Volatile Organic Compounds with Potential Therapeutic Properties. Nat. Prod. Commun. 2015, 10 (6), 1079-1083.
Albarran, G.; Esparza, M.; Mendoza, E. Oxidation of hydroxybenzoic acids by ?OH radical produced radiolytically. Radiat. Phys. Chem. 2015, 107, 109-114.
Hazard Statements: H318-H335
Causes serious eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P271-P280-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P312-P501c
Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant