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A13703 Titanium(IV) isopropoxide, 95%

CAS Number
546-68-9
Synonyms
Tetraisopropoxytitanium(IV)
Tetraisopropyl orthotitanate

Stock No. Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
A13703-22 100g 23.90
A13703-36 500g 61.20
A13703-0E 2500g 235.00
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Titanium(IV) isopropoxide, 95%

MDL
MFCD00008871
EINECS
208-909-6

Chemical Properties

Formula
C12H28O4Ti
Formula Weight
284.23
Melting point
16-20°
Boiling Point
232°
Flash Point
46°(115°F)
Density
0.955
Refractive Index
1.4640
Storage & Sensitivity
Moisture Sensitive. Store under Nitrogen. Ambient temperatures.
Solubility
Soluble in anhydrous ethanol, ether, benzene and chloroform.

Applications

Titanium(IV) isopropoxide is used as a precursor for the preparation of titanium and barium-strontium-titanate thin films. It is useful to make porous titanosilicates and potential ion-exchange materials for cleanup of radioactive wastes. It is an active component of sharpless epoxidation as well as involved in the synthesis of chiral epoxides. In Kulinkovich reaction, it is involved as a catalyst in the preparation of cyclopropanes.

Notes

Moisture sensitive. Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents and strong acids. It reacts with water to produce titanium dioxide.

Literature References

Catalyst for transesterification, avoiding acidic or basic conditions. The reaction is carried out such that one alcohol is removed to displace the equilibrium: Synthesis, 138 (1982); Org. Synth. Coll., 8, 201 (1993). For application to carbamates, including Boc to Cbz conversion, see: J. Org. Chem., 62, 7096 (1997).

For use in the Sharpless enantioselective epoxidation of allylic alcohols, see tert-Butyl­ hydroperoxide, A13926. For analogous enantioselective oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides, see Cumene hydroperoxide, L06866. Epoxy alcohols can also be obtained in high yield in one pot by hydroperoxidation of alkenes with singlet oxygen in the presence of Ti(O-i-Pr)4: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 111, 203 (1989).

Also catalyzes the ring-opening of 2,3-epoxy alcohols (e.g. from the above reactions) with various nucleophiles, including amines, thiols, thiolate anions, halides, carboxylates etc. The mild conditions result in increased regioselectivity: J. Org. Chem., 50, 1557 (1985).

See also Dimethyl­amine hydrochloride, A12133.

For conversion of epoxides to episulfides, see Thiourea, A12828. For use in reductive alkylation of amines, see Sodium cyanoborohydride, 87839. For use in enantioselective synthesis of homoallylic alcohols, see (R)-(+)-1,1'-Bi(2-naphthol)­, L08305. For reduction of amides to aldehydes, see Diphenyl­silane, A10884.

For a brief feature on uses of the reagent, see: Synlett, 2261 (2003).

Khalil, K. M.; El-Khatib, R. M.; Ali, T. T.; Mahmoud, H. A.; Elsamahy, A. A. Titania nanoparticles by acidic peptization of xerogel formed by hydrolysis of titanium(IV) isopropoxide under atmospheric humidity conditions. Powder Technol. 2013, 245, 156-162.

Wanna, N.; Kraithong, T.; Khamnaen, T.; Phiriyawirut, P.; Charoenchaidet, S.; Tantirungrotechai, J. Aluminum-and calcium-incorporated MCM-41-type silica as supports for the immobilization of titanium(IV) isopropoxide in ring-opening polymerization of l-lactide and ε-caprolactone. Catal. Commun. 2014, 45, 118-123.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H226-H319-H331-H335-H336

Flammable liquid and vapour. Causes serious eye irritation. Toxic if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness.

Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P261-P264b-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P311-P337+P313-P370+P378q-P501c

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant

Other References

Merck
14,9480
Beilstein
3679474
Hazard Class
3
Packing Group
III
Harmonized Tariff Code
2905.19
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
NT8060000

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