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2,2-Dimethoxypropane acts as a dehydrating agent. It also serves as an intermediate in the synthesis of vitamin E, vitamin A and various carotenoids such as astaxanthin. It is used as a reagent for the preparation of 1,2-diols, acetonides, isopropylidene derivatives of sugars, nucleosides, methyl esters of amino acids and enol ethers.
Methoxylating agent for preparation of acetals by acid-catalyzed exchange: J. Org. Chem., 25, 521 (1960). Also used as a water-scavenger in the preparation of acetals from higher-boiling alcohols and ketones: Org. Synth. Coll., 5, 292 (1973).
Widely used for the isopropylidenation of diols; see, e.g.: Org. Synth. Coll., 9, 450, 717 (1998). Isopropylidenation of acid-sensitive carbohydrates in the presence of 2,3-Dichloro-5,6-dicyanobenzoquinone, A11879: Acta Chem. Scand., 47, 843 (1993); preparation of acyclic mixed acetals of carbohydrates: Acta Chem. Scand., 48, 80 (1994). For use in the cyclization of N-Boc serine methyl ester to the oxazolidine, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 9, 300 (1998).
Methyl ester hydrochlorides of amino acids can be conveniently prepared with excess reagent in combination with conc. HCl. Water is removed in situ, thus displacing the equilibrium in favor of the ester: J. Org. Chem., 28, 3898 (1963). Methyl esters of non-aromatic acids can also be prepared with the reagent in MeOH with a catalytic amount of HCl or TMS chloride: Tetrahedron Lett., 38, 2685 (1997)./n
Urosa, A.; Marcos, I. S.; Díez, D.; Padrón, J. M.; Pilar Basabe, P. Synthesis of Luffarin L and 16-epi-Luffarin L Using a Temporary Silicon-Tethered Ring-Closing Metathesis Reaction. J. Org. Chem. 2015, 80 (12), 6447-6455.
Hazard Statements: H225-H315-H319-H335
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P261-P264b-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P337+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant