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Dansyl chloride is a fluorogenic reagent used for protein, N-terminal amino acid and peptide detection by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). It is also used to determine the degree of labeling in chymotrypsin and ovalbumin. It acts as a precursor for the synthesis of other derivatives like dansyl amide.
Reagent for the preparation of fluorescent derivatives of amino acids and proteins: Biochemistry, 9, 3878 (1970); Anal. Biochem., 53, 132 (1973); 66, 104 (1975).
Lachapelle, A. R.; Solliec, M.; Sauve, S. Determination of BMAA and three alkaloid cyanotoxins in lake water using dansyl chloride derivatization and high-resolution mass spectrometry. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 2015, 407 (18), 5487-5501.
Karabacak, M.; Cinar, M.; Kurt, M.; Poiyamozhi, A.; Sundaraganesan, N. The spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT-Raman, UV and NMR) first order hyperpolarizability and HOMO-LUMO analysis of dansyl chloride. Spectrochim. Acta, Part A 2014, 117, 234-244.
Hazard Statements: H302-H314-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P262-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant