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One-step synthesis of carbametacyclophane 3 from 1,9-decadiyne and diethyl acetylenedicarboxylate is described. The use of 1,9-decadiyne as a nucleophile led only to the monoalkynylation product, a selectivity that would be difficult to achieve with a catalytic in situ metalation process. 1,9-decadiyne reacts with iodobenzene (excess) to afford the bis-Sonogashira coupling product in excellent yield. 1,9-Decadiyne was dihydrated and gave 2,9-decanedione in 92% yield.
Haruki Okawa,; Motoyoshi Sekiya,; Junichiro Osawa,; Tatsuo Wada,; Akira Yamada,; Hiroyuki Sasabe,; Toshiyuki Uryu. A Nonlinear Optical Waveguide of Poly(1,9-decadiyne). Polymer Journal. 1991, 23 147-153.
Christophe Feuvrie,; Jérôme Blanchet,; Martine Bonin,; Laurent Micouin. Synthesis and Reactivity of Mixed Alkynylalanes by Direct Triethylamine-Catalyzed Alumination of Terminal Alkyne. Org. Lett.,. 2004 , 6(14),2333-2336.
Hazard Statements: H226-H315-H319-H335
Flammable liquid and vapour. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P261-P264b-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P337+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant