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Prepare 4-phenylurazole from ethyl carbazate and then oxidize the urazole with gaseous dinitrogen tetroxide to yield 4-phenyl-1,2,4-tri- azoline-3,5-dione la. Modification of the ethyl carbazate procedure in which analytically pure monoalkylhydrazine hydrochlorides were isolated in greater than 90% yield, starting from a ketone or aldehyde. Treatment of primary amines is with chloroamine or hydroxylamine-0-sulfonic acid and the condensation of a carbonyl compound with ethyl carbazate. The FeCl 3 -catalyzed reaction of ethyl carbazate (2 b) proceeded readily to give β-hydroxyester 3 b in better yield. A new one-pot neat synthesis of some 5-aryl-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazol-3-ones through cyclocondensation of ethyl carbazate with aryl nitriles catalyzed by DMAP as an efficient and basic nucleophilic catalyst is described.
A. Davoodnia,; M. Bakavoli,; M. Soleimany,;H. Behm. A new one-pot neat synthesis of 1,2,4-triazol-3-ones through 4-(N,N-dimethylamino) pyridine (DMAP) catalyzed cyclocondensation of ethyl carbazate with aryl nitriles. Chinese Chemical Letters. 2008, 19 (6),685-688.
N. I. Ghali,; D. L. Venton,; S. C. Hung,; G. C. Le Breton. High-yielding synthesis of monoalkylhydrazines. J. Org. Chem., . 1981, 46 (26), 5413-5414.
Forms crystalline ethoxycarbonyl hydrazones with aldehydes and ketones. With o-acylphenols, Pb(OAc)4 treatment of the resulting hydrazone results in replacement of the phenolic OH with ethoxycarbonyl, providing a route to ethyl o-acylbenzoates: Tetrahedron Lett ., 31, 6781 (1990).
Reaction with methyl ketones, followed by treatment with SOCl2, leads to 4-substituted 1,2,3-thiadiazoles: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 77, 5359 (1955). In the presence of base, these readily lose N2 to give alkynethiolates: Can. J. Chem., 46, 1057 (1968):
More recently, this sequence has been used in the synthesis of dendrimers from 1,3,5-triacetylbenzene: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 2203 (1994).
Hazard Statements: H301-H311-H315-H319-H335-H373
Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P310-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P314-P330-P332+P313-P337+P313-P361-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant