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tert-Butyl hydroperoxide is used as an initiator for radical polymerization and in various oxidation process such as sharpless epoxidation. It is involved in osmium catalyzed vicinal hydroxylation of olefins under alkaline conditions. Furthermore, it is used in catalytic asymmetric oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides using binaphthol as a chiral auxiliary and in the oxidation of dibenzothiophenes. It plays an important role for the introduction of peroxy groups in organic synthesis.
Li, D.; Yang, T.; Su, H.; Yu, W. tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide and Tetrabutylammonium Iodide-Promoted Free Radical Cyclization of α-Imino-N-arylamides and alfa-Azido-N-arylamides. Adv. Synth. Catal. 2015, 357 (11), 2529-2539.
Sousa, C.; Moita, E.; Valentão, P.; Fernandes, F.; Monteiro, P.; Andrade, P. B. Effects of Colored and Noncolored Phenolics of Echium plantagineum L. Bee Pollen in Caco-2 Cells under Oxidative Stress Induced by tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide. J. Agric. Food. Chem. 2015, 63 (7), 2083-2091.
Hazard Statements: H226-H242-H300-H310-H330-H314-H318
Flammable liquid and vapour. Heating may cause a fire. Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P320-P405-P410-P501a
IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). Store locked up. Protect from sunlight. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.